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Aquariofilia > Proposta de 10 regras de aquariofilia sustentável

Aquaristics > 10 basic rules for sustainable aquarium hobby

















10 basic rules for sustainable aquarium hobby ( suggestion )

1. All the possible consequences must be considered before setting up an aquarium.

a) Planning a aquarium must presume that you have conscience of daily, weekly and monthly care routines, independently from tank environment complexity or conditions needed to recreate living organisms proper milieu.

Long absences and vacations can be fatal to some living communities. Occasionally your free time will be affected by indispensable responsibilities to this compromise.

Somewhat that is in fact a pleasure for most, but it also can suddenly turn in to a disaster to a few, namely when regular habits and “ freedom “ become some how affected by the attention needed by an aquarium… or several.

b) A water filled aquarium with minerals, decoration objects, animals, plants and equipment inside, can represent a very heavy unit when completed. Please consider it during the planning phase.

As large the capacity in water as great care must be dedicated to the support bellows it. Even ground resistance should not be forgotten, especially if we are talking about office blocks or city apartments, in particular on certain aged constructions.

As a golden rule - while larger the aquarium, bigger the precaution with it must be.

c) Aquarium placement must value some least conditions.

Although decoration is an important topic, the tank location has to respect, in first place, biological and environmental demands of living creatures restricted inside.

Along these lines, places submitted to smoke, temperature sudden disparity and elevated thermal amplitude, direct cold or heat sources ( like fireplaces, coolers and air-conditioned suppliers ), concentrated odours, intense disturbance or movements around, noisy areas and other disorders of non natural sort, are required to have in consideration by the time of looking for a suitable place to install a aquarium. Animals and plants should be very carefully planned for each different environment. Ultimately you should try to find a solution to decrease the above-mentioned disorders to an appropriate location for the aquarium, if no other place can be available. The best choice is always another location.

A solid base support and levelling are outstandingly important. Any possible movement can be catastrophic to water filled aquarium.

d) Space to store maintenance support stuff.

In addition to a solid base support, each aquarium should be provided with extra space for preservation works tools, animal’s food, medication products, chemical additives, equipment supplies, utensils, environment support devices, and usual stuff handled.

Dissimulation of these spaces is under individual criteria, but they are indispensable as near as possible, preferably integrated on the tank compound.

Another important issue is electric wiring and air or water pipe. It is entirely warned to keep at least 7 centimetres on the rear to provide proper openings and spaces to these conduits.

e) Illumination must be adequate to living organisms held.

Aquatic living species health is quite dependent from the type and duration of lighting. Respect for light cycles ( daily and annually ) and night and day period, can affect very positively water communities. This issue can make clear the difference between success and disappointment.

Besides biological requests, a aquarium submitted to sudden light after darkness period or placed near a television screen or computer monitor, ( specially on a dark room after artificial illumination goes off ), can become a torture chamber to many of aquatic species. As result, usually stress and other negative effects can expose low resistance to illness or unexplained fatalities, especially if night obscurity is not respected at all.

Direct sunlight should be an art only attempted by specialists. In very specific cases it is desirable, but you have to take in consideration effects on water temperature, and significant algae infestation, along with other hard to solve problems.

2. Decisions about what animals and plants will be included in a specific tank have got to take in consideration local habitat conditions preferably. Only with the proper practice and consolidated know how or expertise, higher environment demanding communities must be tried, especially those with particular needs very diverse from the obtainable.

a) Beginners or simply those who want to avoid expenses or deeper compromise, must learn foremost what kind of environment a specific aquarium can be after established.

First set up should be no more than water, substrate, minerals and basic equipment. After a close observation, regular physical and chemical parameters can than be discriminated. Don’t forget lighting or the differences involving summer and winter circumstances.

After the assessment phase, based on recorded parameters and taking in consideration water capacity, a convenient research about what kind of animals and plants can demand or subsist in such environment is than required.

Once this study is concluded you can start to prepare a proper home to the new comers. Groundwork for biological cycles it’s imperative and vital. Plants come first, animals after.

This practice is also the usual method to assure the less support equipment and near as possible to an autonomous tiny biome. If some basic rules of living inhabitant’s introduction will be accomplish, soon you can get a power failure immune aquarium running. Otherwise, when a black out occurs, you will stress straightforwardly to compensate some vital live support apparatus out of work during energy cut. Without electricity, the most specialized tanks are only capable to assure survival of some live forms for no more than a few hours or days.

b) In very specialized specific tanks, very divergent from local surroundings, more support and complex technology is needed to assure proper live conditions. The furthermost altered and simulated environment is shaped; further additional live sustain type artificial systems are indispensable.

c) Anything alive that we place under water inside a tank will affect establish equilibrium. Every related situation like animals or plants introductions will produce immediate effects. All living forms compete if not for anything else at least for space and oxygen. 

3. Planning is the key word when thinking on aquarium setting. Any sort of biotope replication assuming a correct association of live forms have to depend on a conscious and premeditated decision.

a) Planning can be the essential difference between success and failure.

Mix emotionally any animals or plants based on simple esthetical human concepts is an almost sure a death sentence to at least some of them. The expected consequence after a short period of dreadful occurrences is the disappointment that leads definitively to disillusionment and frustration. This quick and awful experience is the only one that many have from the fantastic hobby of aquarium keeping.

b) A community tank conceptualization can be held with some success if only a very careful choice of compatible species from different proveniences is well calculated before. Some animals and plants found in different continents can come from quite similar environments. If physical chemical demands and behaviour can match, a convenient community can be established with representatives from very far wild geographical distributions.

It is no doubt more educational and a far better challenge the more ethical biotope aquarium. This noble intention is however a lot more difficult to accomplish due to possible unavailability of ecosystem living representatives on the market.

Single fish species is another secure choice. Although ecologically a lot dispossessed it is, in some special cases, the only way to keep some animals in captivity by inappropriate community behaviour and aggressive conduct.

c) Before bring home any species a good research has to be done by any resources available, in particular with reference to biology and behaviour.

Always, when it is achievable, other keepers must be questioned about the essentials and a society or other organization dedicated to the target specie can also be under contact in search for help.

d) Space available and ability to provide proper existence conditions must always be a priority before any new acquisition. You must not ignore eventual consequences of more demanding species to your tangible resources and fee time.

e) Very attractive unknown species can only be elected to your tank after minimal maintenance conditions are all confirmed. As important as physical and chemical parameters, adult size is another essential topic to calculate preservation opportunity.

f) Clean and suitable water quality as feeding with balanced food according to each species nutritional demanding is at your responsibility while aquarist. A healthy existence must be provided to all living forms in captivity, so plan in advance all the needs.

g) To fulfil minimum requirements there are some basic rules on tank project and manufacture.

Deepness is not as important as water surface area to maximum fish capacity.

A number of revolutionary designs, even if are capable of achieving the same volume of water do not allow the same population because water surface is minor.

4. A higher sense of responsibility must rule species and populations custody. Reasonable limits have to be respected regarding captivity reproduction.

a) Try to join animals with low rates of parentage in the same small space of a tank. It is good ideas select them from distinct breeders or pet shops. In this last case, always that it is achievable do confirm provenience to avoid highly related fishes bought in different shops.

b) While emotionally attractive the idea of breeding species must be well wondered about. Progeny conservation requires several times more space and resources than parent’s maintenance efforts. Remember that is your moral responsibility to provide healthy environment and proper feed to a larger number of individuals.

Before mating and reproduction take place, search for other hobbyists who are interested in keep some of the offspring. It is important that all these candidates can show the suitable conditions to do so. They also should be in such number that could receive all the raised animals and plants that you can’t keep.

c) Spontaneous births that take place in your tanks means that at least near ideal environment was produced in captivity to those specific living forms. These are good news and work like compensation by your efforts to provide satisfactory habitat.

Once again don’t forget that is your moral responsibility to provide healthy environment and proper feed to all inhabitants. In case of difficulty to assume such task is rather important to act as soon as possible to avoid at any cost degradation of living conditions.

More space have to be supplied or a convenient destiny to new raised generation.

d) In the majority of animal kingdom, genetically related parents increase risks of small population’s genetic problems. This carries lethal and dramatic health effects in merely a few generations.

All sexual species hold negative recessive genes. The mating of very close relatives, called endogamy, offer best chances of recessive genes meet in offspring. This means that detrimental characters can often increase possibilities of become active and to cause harmful effects on descendants.

The unwanted breeding amongst relatives produces always decrease of genetic variability and species general debility.

e) A healthy population continuation in aquarium needs frequent new members incorporation in to the group of breeders. In regular basis is advisable to buy new reproductive elements or exchange some of yours with other keepers and breeders of that specie.

f) Artificial selection to obtain new strains with unusual mutations or attributes is not an acceptable practice at all. Human esthetical concepts are rarely according to natural evolution tendency. The most evident corroboration of this rule is the fact that human conditioned strains are not capable to survive longer in natural habitat.

g) Hybrids induced by human interference must be stopped at once. These are non natural procedures and the results of these rarely well succeeded experiences are unnecessary freaks.

If re-introduced back to the wild, fertile hybrids can mate with both parental species and genetically contaminate them, leading some to plausible disappearance.

h) Industrial aquaculture assisted breeding techniques must be used merely as last resources in aquarium procreation of threatened species during very justified situations. This proceeding is only advisable when number of individuals is becoming too small and ordinary breeding is very unusual without intervention.

i) Progenitors must be selected only among individuals exhibiting good health and perfect physical conditions. Also anatomic abnormalities, unusual characteristics and handicaps can not be allowed to generate offspring.

5. Aquarium hobby living forms supply has to respect some basic principles.

a) If quarantine of imported animals and plants is not respected in a pet shop or any other business related, consumers should not buy on those strict places.

b) Never buy on establishments where national or international legislations about animals and plants commerce are not respected. Display, buy and sail acts must take place under the law.

c) All living beings genetically altered, hybrids, fish submitted to artificial body coloration process, sterilizing practices, or other procedures that deny the animal rights or plain ethical conventions must never be purchased or maintained.

d) Do not trust or acquire in places here identification of importation or wholesale entity are not revealed.

Bad hygienic surroundings, animals and plants displayed under dreadful conditions and cruelty on handling should become excellent pretexts to never revisit such business locations again.

Law disrespect, unprepared or unqualified personnel, bad costumer assistance, unawareness about displayed species, lack of water parameters exhibit in sail tanks, unrevealed scientific species designations, interdict animals and plants selling, are enough to avoid even a visit.

Exposed unhealthy animals to sail, and dishonest sellers can turn some pet shops or wholesales establishments in to discarded commerce partners.

e) Infected animals or plants may never been brought home. If illness is only a few days after detected or declared at your own thank, an effort should be made to warn the pet shop and other known buyers.

f) Never buy species listed on CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora – list. Be sure that if these animals and plants are available they come only from captivity raised populations.

Even so, please check for a proper licence to sail those exemplars.

g) Buy newly arrive fish at your own risk.

Waiting a few days is good policy to avoid infected fish unless you have a proper quarantine aquarium as well as if we are talking about something really difficult to find or most wanted species. Even so, a quarantine tank avoids regular lost over perfectly healthy fish due to newest acquisitions disease carry.

i) Sometimes promotions or less expensive lots aren’t what it looks like. Be careful about unnoticed problems or lower stock quality.

6. Aquarium fish and plants must never be released in nature under any pretext. Even the release of local species originally captured from the same ecosystem must obey to the law and to a few basic procedures.

a) Never release unwanted illness infected animals or plants to nature under any circumstances at all. Same caution must be taken with public and private artificial water bodies.

b) Although theoretically it can be ethically fair to release in the wild aquarium raised animals or plants from an assured origin of that precise ecosystem, that is however a risk. Even if we are talking about threatened species, without a veterinarian certificate there is always the menace of fatal disease introduction with transportation water or even with the animals.

c) Animals release out of original hydrographical basin can become a threat of genetic contamination on local populations of the same species. Differentiation resulting in thousand year’s separation can be ruined by mixing animals from distinct lineages.

d) Never use toilet to eliminate death or alive animals and plants. Even if they are weak or waiting for presumable certain fatality.

7. Information is conscientiousness best instrument.

a) Only throughout a permanent knowledge actualisation it will be possible to accomplish the current ethical context in aquarium hobby.

b) Exchange of know how among hobbyists and involving others in our own experiences are golden rules. Sharing procedures and information is essential to widespread progress and definitively eradicate some myths and half truths.

c) Information sources selection criteria is a key factor. Unfortunately, in particular after the Internet big boom, countless relatively imprecise and inaccurate facts are widening and replicate from source to source without proper control and scientific worry.

d) Less correct or inappropriate practices, although more naturally expected from new comers to the hobby, can only be eradicated via knowledge and information switch over. Better procedures generally result in improved captivity existing conditions for animals and plants maintained in aquarium.

8. Respect for live can be learned and edified right the way through aquarium hobby.

a) All aquatic organisms kept in captivity must be esteemed as well as incessantly cared with dignity and respect.

b) The best concern must be committed to assure highest excellence in all required environment parameters. Space and adequate nourishment requisites are also top priority while preserving living organisms.

c) Aggressive behaviour, killing or decoration destruction resulting from certain species biology must be judged and regarded prior to their introducing. It is not reasonable at all that violence can be imposed to these animals in retaliation for their acts.

There are natural instincts that outcome from a long evolution that can be amplified by captivity restrain.

d) Euthanasia can’t turn out to be a regular way of purge unwanted specimens. Even when it happens to be the appropriate solution please think twice.

e) Animals manipulation should only take place when absolutely required.

Capture, transportation as well as any other actions on which living beings are submitted to agony, anxiety, pain, stress, starvation, suffocation or other unusual aggression for the expected standard of live must be avoided as possible.

f) Capture methods should never use cruel procedures.

Is entirely disagreeable the use of animals natural instincts to attract them to catch, even if inside a tank their agility and smartness can delay the operation or if the capture activities can cause decoration damages.

g) Aquarium hobbyists should be motivated to look after sustainable development in addition to nature or wild species preservation.

This can be regarded as a least price to pay for a small sample of nature at home that so much peace and pleasure can bring to our existence.

h) This pastime should inspire us to act in response to vandalism acts and violence carried on animals.

i) Fishes confinement in little spaces like breeding cages, fancy miniature aquariums, little containers, belligerent’s separation in less significant divisions, undersized exhibition tanks as well as many other similar situations, should be banished at once.

j) Living beings shall not be kept more than strictly necessary out of their own physic and chemical standard parameters. Especially near survival limits situations should be avoid as possible.

k) All aquatic living forms in captivity must be upheld in best water quality as to required environment.

l) All living forms should be dignified with our respect and admiration.

Colourful species, so splendorous according to our beauty and esthetical concepts, are a minority in the wild.

Only the most adequate forms of live are able to survive in the wild. Very rare are the ecosystems or ecological niches where bright and effusive colours are not a death sentence.

Live forms aren’t toys or pieces of art. They can not ever become human taste creations because we shouldn’t play god in addition to most of the species are even older then ours. Animals and plants must be admired by express the result of a millenary evolution process.

9. To do business, trade and deal with particular aquarium raised animals and plants without a proper commercial licence it is illegal and ethically can turn out to be not very well acceptable.

a) In most countries any commercial activity must take place under the rules according to an officially permitted practice. This is not the example of particular transactions among hobbyists and between them and pet shops when money is implicated.

If any kind of buy and sell act does not result in a proper legitimate document validating that transaction ( proof of payment ), we are talking about black market and parallel economy.

Tax evasion, even in a very tiny scale, is universally a crime. All other responsible citizens and trustworthy economical agents have been discriminated while transgressors rest unpunished.

b) Aquarium hobby while evolving love and care on singular animals and plants it doesn’t work like industry.

Breeding and keeping living forms for past time is a privilege that is not compatible with business and profit. Only legalised commercial entities should operate in the market under the proper economical procedures.

c) Aquarium leisure pursuit gets richer if more and more hobbyists can access marginal and rare species rarely available on the market. Exchange is an excellent way to accomplish that.

Offers to new comers ( newbies ), work more than a compliment of welcome and can pay a lot as incentive, especially if we are talking about youngsters with less financial autonomy.

For that same reason some societies, clubs and associations promote most wanted species donations and exchanges amongst members to genetic pool viability or for stock start off.

10. Species with especial needs of conservation should obtain more attention and care. Endangered, threatened or already instinct in the wild animals and plants should be assisted and treated with caution. Especially these cases may represent a higher challenge on breeding as well need to be further expanded.

a) Aquarium hobby is becoming increasingly species preservation last resource for many occurrences. With careful management and genetic viability future repopulation can be achievable when natural habitat return to offer proper conditions.

b) Extinct in the wild or rare species must be seriously take in consideration. Breeding and optimal custody environment should play an important role.

c) Every successful breeding experience with threatened, endangered or extinct in the wild species has to result on dissemination amongst the largest number of hobbyists as possible. In this way rather secure conservation potential can be attainable and genetic pool viability guaranteed.

d) Keeping and breeding threatened national species must be prior to foreign. This is only not true if your national species preservation effort must rely on wild captures.

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