Cyprinodontiformes vivíparos e ovovivíparos
Espécies > Ficha da espécie > Gambusia puncticulata
Species > Species profile > Gambusia puncticulata
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Adult male : 36 to 47 mm
Adult female : 59 to 76 mm
Caudal fin rays : / 23
Scales on lateral line : 30 ( 31 )
Head lenght body lenght ratio ( male ) : 0,20
Head lenght body lenght ratio ( female ) : 0,17
Some sources also point a few locations in western Haiti and eastern coasts of Yucatan Peninsula ( Mexico ).
While it can be found specially in motionless water some populations may occur in streams, salt/brackish coastal lagoons and even marine water feed lakes.
Usually form schools close to the shore.
Tolerated limits : 15ºC ( 59.0ºF ) and 34ºC ( 93.2ºF )
Survival limits : 12.8ºC ( 55.04ºF ) and 40ºC ( 104.0ºF )
Ideal pH : 7.2 - 8.7
Ideal dH : 8º - 17º
Maximum salinity : 1,030 ( 40,2 ppt )
At Cuban freshwaters in conjunction with the Cuban Gambusia - Gambusia punctata - the Caribbean Gambusia plays an important competitive role pressing other oviparous Cyprinidontoids and pushing them to marginal refuges, specially estuarine and mangrove areas, ( with exception of the very highly specialized local members of the Rivulus Genus ).
Caribbean Gambusias are relatively remarkable breeders producing from about 30 to 70 fry to a very exceptional limit of roughly 90 fry by birth.
Under ideal conditions, gestation lasts between 4 and 5 weeks long.
The practice of spawning Gambusia puncticulata in breeding cages considered appropriated for other live-bearing fish species results in very high rank of disappointment.
Aquarium birth fish in early stages are easily raised with newly hatched brine shrimp and zooplankton, accepting very well some commercial fine particles food for juvenile fish.
Adults in captivity accept well the general feeding suggestions at the aquaristics section, but can also relish a diet made of milled row fish or molluscs and prepared flake foods as a complement, ( in particular those based on insect larvae but also prepared with vegetal components like spirulina algae or others ).
Although gregarious fish usually found in schools disputes are frequent, above all among members of the same sex. This pugnacity results however in rare little wounds but no further consequences. Death of one side only will take place very exceptionally, in particular if space smallness is not a problem.
Dominant individuals keep imposing themselves constantly to others.
Cannibalistic behaviour on newly birth fry is usually very widespread. Adults remaining in small spaces are extremely experts to eliminate all little fish, even of their own kind, unless appropriate environment is set to save and provide protection to immature young running from parents.
Is wise to avoid any contact between the Caribbean Gambusia with fish exhibiting remarkable body coloration large fins and little mobility.
They demand large room.
As a rule, tank size and fish ratio is quite important, so, to keep only a small group, is advisable an 150 litres capacity aquarium as minimum requirement.
The specie conservation status is not a issue for concerning at the moment and is not in the I.U.C.N. Red List.
For further knowledge or information about this please check Livebearer Cyprinodontiformes in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.